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Pergamon Ancient City

Information about Pergamon Ancient City


General Information:

  • Location: Bergama, İzmir
  • Coordinates: 39°07′24″N 27°11′48″E
  • Date of Establishment: 12th century BC
  • Important Figures: Lysimachus, Eumenes II, Attalus I, Attalus II, Asclepius
  • Transportation: You can reach Bergama from İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport by bus or taxi. You can reach Pergamon Ancient City from Bergama by minibus or taxi.


  • Pergamon Ancient City was founded in the 12th century BC.
  • The city became an important center of science, art, and culture under the patronage of the Pergamon Kings, such as Lysimachus, Eumenes II, Attalus I, and Attalus II.
  • With the annexation of the Pergamon Kingdom to the Roman Empire in 133 BC, the city began to lose its importance.
  • The city, which was also used as a settlement during the Byzantine and Ottoman periods, was rediscovered in the 19th century with archaeological excavations.

Important Structures:

  • Acropolis: The Acropolis, located at the highest point of Pergamon Ancient City, houses important structures such as the Altar of Zeus, the Temple of Athena, the Trajaneum, and the Asklepion.
  • Altar of Zeus: One of the most important structures in Pergamon, the Altar of Zeus is dedicated to Zeus and Athena.
  • Temple of Athena: The Temple of Athena, an Ionic temple, is located in the Pergamon Acropolis.
  • Trajaneum: A monumental structure dedicated to the Roman Emperor Trajan.
  • Asklepion: One of the most important health centers in Pergamon, the Asklepion is dedicated to the god of medicine, Asclepius.


  • Pergamon Ancient City is open to visitors every day.
  • Admission is charged.
  • Museum card is valid.
  • Guided tours are also available in the ancient city.